ISIS: Disintegration or Metamorphosis
From State back to Guerilla Warfare
As the year 2017 nears its end, the governing structures which ISIS has erected in the past three years are also nearing a complete destruction under both the blows of the international coalition and its own internal fissures. The last audio message by ISIS’s leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, titled “Our Lord is our Sole Guide and Support” and disseminated by ISIS’s official media agency, al-Furqan, on the evening of September 28, 2017 confirms these suspicions.
Disruptive Strategies in Globalized World
Incumbent companies facing the challenges of globalization
Globalization emerged to many Western business conglomerates as a long sought-after opportunity that they have been eagerly waiting for. In the 80’s and 90’s, globalization was the main contributor to the reduction of manufacturing costs for the Western companies who sought to transfer low-tech manufacturing to the Asian region; and at a later stage Eastern Europe to have a very broad manufacturing footprints. On the other hand, it's also been an opportunity for those countries that were eager to build their infrastructure and to enter a world of competition and growth.
Will the Syrian Opposition Reach Damascus Soon?
Repercussions of Recent Military Developments in Syria
On May 27, 2015, only eight days after its announcement the freeing of al-Mastouma city in Idlib’s Countryside, “al-Fath Army” announces the freeing of the Areha, the second big city in the province of Idlib. “al-Fath Army” is an umbrella of several Syrian opposition factions that fighting against al-Assad Regime in Syria.
A Perspective on the Syrian Conflict
A Structural and Cultural Approach
At the last meeting of the representatives of Group of Friends of the Syrian People, I had the pleasure to present my views on the Syrian conflict. I used that opportunity to suggest a new approach to deal with the Syrian wicked issues. My main focus was public and civil society organizations instead of the usual disproportionate focus given to international stakes.
This approach depends on attacking root causes at the paradigmatic and philosophical (or cultural) level through a well-planned intervention at the societal level using educational rather than political institutions.
The Syrian Pawn on the Middle Eastern Chessboard
Why the Syrian crisis will continue
The Syrian crisis is entering its fifth year, at a time when many western countries are reconsidering and revaluating their military, security and political policies towards the Middle East following the assassination of journalists at Charlie Hebdoin Paris.
The gravity of the incident confirmed to the world’s policy makers that the policy of anticipation that aims to turn Syria into a holocaust for all terrorists only transformed the Syrian crisis from a regional crisis to a global issue that is extending to the usually safe European countries.
Civil Society Organisations and Pathways of Change in the Arab World
Role in Change Process in Arab Spring States
In his memoirs, former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, says that he jokingly asked Chinese President Mao Tse-Tung to soften the atmosphere during their first meeting, ‘do you know when the French Revolution ended?’ Mao Tse-Tung cleverly answered ‘has the French Revolution really ended?’ It is rare to find disagreement among historians about the starting points for revolutions and major event that took place in recent centuries, and it is also rare to find consensus between historians about when revolutions ended and the assessment of their effects and achieved goals.
Scholars of social organisation explain the emergence of different communities within societies through the multiplicity of narratives social actors hold.
Effective narrative is capable of transforming a group of humans into an organised social group capable of making an impact, through providing a common understanding for the aims and functions, and mobilising through crystallising the “us”.